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Mathematics

Mathematics coverage in Year 2

Mathematics coverage in Year 2 1

Year 2 National Curriculum for Mathematics

 

Number – number and place value

Statutory requirements. Pupils should be taught to: 

  •  count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward and backward.
  • recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (tens, ones).
  •  identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line.
  • compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use and = signs.
  • read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words.
  • use place value and number facts to solve problems.  

 

Number – addition and subtraction

Statutory requirements Pupils should be taught to:

  • solve problems with addition and subtraction:
  • using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures.
  • applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods. 
  • recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100. 
  • add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including:
  •  a two-digit number and ones
  • a two-digit number and tens
  • two two-digit numbers
  • adding three one-digit numbers
  • show that addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannot
  • recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems. 

 

Number – multiplication and division

Statutory requirements Pupils should be taught to:

  • recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers.
  • calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (×), division (÷) and equals (=) signs.
  • show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannot.
  • solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts. 

 

Number – fractions

Statutory requirements Pupils should be taught to:

  • recognise, find, name and write fractions 3 1 , 4 1 , 4 2 and 4 3 of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity
  • write simple fractions for example, 2 1 of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of 4 2 and 2 1 .

 

Measurement

Statutory requirements Pupils should be taught to:

  • choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels.
  • compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =
  • recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value.
  • find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money.
  •  solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change.
  • compare and sequence intervals of time.
  • tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.

know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day. 

 

Geometry – properties of shapes

Statutory requirements Pupils should be taught to:

  • identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line.
  • identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces.
  • identify 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes, [for example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid].

compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects.

 

Geometry – position and direction

Statutory requirements Pupils should be taught to:

  • order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences.

use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anticlockwise). 

 

Statistics

Statutory requirements Pupils should be taught to:

  • interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and simple tables.
  • ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity.
  • ask and answer questions about totalling and comparing categorical data. 
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